Masturbation and society
Attitude to Masturbation in society was and remains ambiguous. Because Masturbation is found even among animals and practiced in diverse human societies, natural to assume that it existed throughout human history. With the development of society, the widening gap between biologically driven age of puberty and the socially determined age at first sex increased the prevalence of Masturbation. While it is differently perceived in different cultures.
Worldwide find prehistoric cave paintings depicting human Masturbation. It seems that early humans connected human sexuality with abundance in nature. In IV—III thousand. BC in Mesopotamia, the Sumerians, Masturbation, both ourselves and with a partner, was a common way to increase sexual power. One time required that the Egyptian pharaohs made ceremonial Masturbation Nile in. Clay figurine of the fourth Millennium BC with the location of the temple on the island of Malta depicts a woman masturbating. However, for the ancient world were more familiar image male Masturbation.
In ancient Greece and Rome Masturbation was seen as one of the natural ways of enjoyment. The Greeks saw Masturbation as a normal and healthy substitution of other forms of sexual pleasure getting, seeing it as a safety valve against destructive sexual frustration. It was invented and produced many kinds of devices for Masturbation, the main of which was olisbos — an artificial penis, which could be manufactured from materials such as wood, leather, clay, etc. In art and literature of Greece also pays attention to female Masturbation.
On the contrary, in South and South-East Asia where it was prevalent notion of semen as a receptacle and source of vitality, male Masturbation and its accompanying loss of semen was frowned upon because it was believed that the excessive outpouring of sperm entails the development of many diseases.
Similar ideas also existed in Muslim culture. Avicenna (XII century) considered harmful as too frequent ejaculation, and delay of the seed, and appreciates Masturbation as less harmful than normal sexual intercourse